Selenium is an essential mineral found in the soil. It naturally appears in water and certain foods. While people need a slight amount of selenium, it plays a vital role to perform and accelerate various functions in human body. Though present in small amount in water and sea foods, selenium can be found in a variety of daily life dietary, the richest sources being Brazil nuts, organ meat, rice, egg, and bread. The amount of selenium in foods varyingly depends on the soil and water condition where the food is grown. The average consumption of selenium in U.S. is 125 micrograms per day. (Selenium, 2016). The daily intake of the populations of Eastern Coastal Plain and Pacific Northwest have the lowest consumption level of selenium ranging from 60 to 90 micrograms per day which are still regarded as an adequate intake considering the small amount of it sufficient for the human body. (Selenium, 2016).
As performing the protective role in the human body, Selenium has been the source of attraction because of its antioxidant properties and its hand in the quality of blood flow. Antioxidants protect cells from damage and inflammation, the condition in which part of the body becomes red, swollen and painful. (Axe, 2016). Besides that, it has been studied that selenium helps the body by preventing common forms of cancer, combating different kinds of viruses including HIV, defending heart diseases, and slowing down the symptoms of asthma. (Axe, 2016). Once it reaches the nucleus of the cell, it acts as mechanic and repairs damages were done to the DNA. Apart from that, selenium is also considered as a treatment for various conditions. They range from infertility to dandruff to arthritis. (Selenium, 2016). Additionally, selenium is also regarded as helpful for the proper functioning of immune system and plays the main role in metabolism.
Selenium. (2016). WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/supplement-guide-selenium#1. Accessed on 05 march 2017.
Ware. M. (2015). What are the health benefits of selenium? Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/287842.php. Accessed on 05 march 2017.
Axe. Dr. (2016). Selenium: Benefits, Signs of Deficiency, & Foods. Retrieved from https://draxe.com/selenium-benefits/. Accessed on 05 march 2017.