Magnesium citrate is one of the vital bioavailable magnesium chelates, which support metabolism, and usage of many other vital nutrients. Magnesium citrate is the preparation of magnesium in the form of a salt with citric acid with the ratio of one magnesium atom per citrate molecule. Magnesium comes naturally from limestone. The citrate molecule is prepared through the process of fermentation of corn dextrose. (Magnesium citrate, n.d). Magnesium citrate is water-soluble, less alkaline, and contains less magnesium. The more water-soluble a mineral chelate is, the more absorbable it is in the body.
Medicinally, Magnesium citrate is vital for many systems in the human body, particularly the muscles and nerves. It is a salt-water purgative that is helpful by increasing amount of fluid in the small intestine. Magnesium citrate works by appealing water through the tissues by a process known as osmosis. Once it reaches the intestine, it can attract sufficient water into the intestine to induce elimination of solid waste from the body. Increasing water in the bowel aids motility, usually producing a bowel movement within one-half to six hours. (Magnesium citrate, 2017). Magnesium citrate is used to treat the low amount of magnesium in the blood. Moreover, this product is also used to clean stool from the intestines before surgery or certain bowel processes (e.g., colonoscopy, radiography), generally with other products. (Magnesium citrate, 2017). It may also be utilized for the relief of constipation. Although less common, as a magnesium supplement in the form of citrate is occasionally used because it is thought to be more bioavailable than other common pill forms, such as magnesium oxide.(magnesium citrate, 2017). Magnesium citrate, as a supplement in form of pill, is useful for the prevention of kidney stones. As a food preservative, magnesium citrate is used to normalize acidity. Additionally, it can be carefully and efficiently used in nursing mothers due to slight infant risk.
Magnesium citrate comes in the form of generic product and under various brand names including Citromag and Citroma. (Magnesium citrate, 2016). It is also used in the form of the capsule as a magnesium nutritional supplement. Magnesium citrate works best on an empty stomach, and should always be followed with a full glass of water or juice to aid the magnesium citrate to absorb suitably and help avert any complications.
Magnesium citrate, (2017). WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-522-2202/magnesium-citrate-oral/magnesium-citrate---oral/details. Accessed on 05 march 2017.
Magnesium citrate, (n.d). Magnesium citrate: medical facts. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/mtm/magnesium-citrate.html. Accessed on 05 march 2017.
Magnesium citrate, (2016). Medicine Net. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/magnesium_citrate-oral/page2.htm. Accessed on 05 march 2017.